The Institute of Biomedical Engineering and Instrumentation at Wroclaw University of Technology, Wroclaw, Poland, is one of the few in the country that have the rights to award PhD degrees in the field of biocybernetics and biomedical engineering. Research work, often conducted in collaboration with key national and international centres, is focused on biomedical optics and electronics, bio-spectroscopy, nanomedicine, cell biophysics, molecular dynamics, and biomedical signal and image processing.